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      The Department of Archaeology is the oldest fund of the History Museum in Asenovgrad. It is the heir of the archaeological collection, created by the archaeological society "Svarog" in 1926 in the building of today’s High school "Knyaz Boris I" and Professional school "Patriarch Evtimiy" which marked the beginning of museum work in the town.

     The scientific sections Prehistory, Antiquity, Middle Ages and Numismatics are parts of the Department of Archaeology. Moveable cultural values, kept in the fund, were come by the archaeological researches and donations. 3854 of them in number are included the fund. They represent the appearance of the material and spiritual culture of the Asenovgrad region from the end of the 7th millennium BC to the end of the 15th century AD. Among them there is
the Neolithic pottery from the settlement mound at the village of Muldava, the Chalcolithic Idol plastic arts from the settlement mound at the village of Ruen, tools from the Bronze Age, a rich collection of votive plates of Graeco-Roman deities and the Thracian Heros, a chariot of the Roman age, artifacts from the late Antiquity. The Middle Ages and Second Bulgarian Empire are represented by kitchen, table and artistic pottery, cult objects, ornaments, weapons of the sites Stanimahos, the Asen's fortress, the Citadel Voden, etc. They are obtained through systematic archaeological researches and excavations.

     In the fund of the Department of Archaeology there is a rich numismatic collection of coins of the Thracian cities and rulers; Macedonian cities and rulers; Greek poleis; Roman Republic, Roman Empire and Colonial coins; coins of the Eastern Roman Empire-Byzantium; Latin and Bulgarian imitative coins; coins of the Kings of the Second Bulgarian Empire, coins of the Venetian doges and others.

     Along with collection, stock and scientific-research work, the Department also prepares a large number of exhibitions in the halls of The History Museum of Asenovgrad, regional and national museums as well as abroad.

     Currently, the curator of the Department is Zapryanka Krusteva.